Hospitality Management

Hospitality management in the European Union

The European Union is a unique body which unites its 27 European members. It was born in the aftermath of World War Two with the purpose of uniting Europe and preventing such destruction from occurring again. It began in 1957 as the European Economic Community which joined France, Belgium, West Germany, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Italy in an organisation which focused on trade and the economy.

Now, The European Union has 27 members with 23 official languages and itīs estimated population in 2006 was 492964961.000 . The EU has 5 common institutions and it implements common policies which aim to benefit the development of Europe as a whole and the member states individually.

Two of the European Union's major achievements are the creation of a Single Market and the Schengen agreement.

We offer different posts in the hotel and catering sectors. The most common are: waiter/waitress, concierge, receptionist, barman, cook and kitchen assistant.


The creation of the single market means that "All border controls within the EU on goods have been abolished, together with customs controls on people" . In short, it is now much easier for goods to cross from one European country to another. This encourages trade amongst EU members. Furthermore, the Euro, the common currency, has been adopted by 13 states.


Whilst the Single Market allows for the free travel of goods, the Schengen Agreement:

"Abolished the checks at internal borders of the signatory States and created a single external frontier, where checks for all the Schengen signatories were to be carried out in accordance with a common set of rules"

For the 15 signatories, this means they can travel to other members of the Schengen Agreement without checks from country to country. Iceland and Norway have both joined this agreement without being members of the European Union and on the reverse; the UK and Ireland have not joined the Schengen Convention despite being members of the EU.

Policy of the European Union:

The European Union is a project of political Union between the member states. These countries have decided to give up some sovereignty to the European Institutions in working towards bigger and better economic and political convergence. Each country keeps itīs own laws and institutions but there is an EU parliament and government which have competences in many sectors and matters. Furthermore, there are laws (rules and directives) which are common to the entire EU which means that many regulations and laws are the same throughout Europe.

A key element in understanding the European Union and the benefits which are extended to all citizens is the guarantee of certain rights and freedoms to all European citizens. The main ones are:

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